International marine protection cooperation and EU affairs

Finland seeks to protect the Baltic Sea through national measures, cooperation with neighbouring states and by means of regional and international cooperation. Finland participates in the preparation of international agreements and other cooperation, ensuring that account is taken of its national viewpoint. At the same time, Finland sees to it that internationally agreed obligations are implemented nationally.

Cooperation with Russia has been aimed at improving the state of the Baltic Sea and the Gulf of Finland in particular.

Several regional cooperation organisations are active in the Baltic Sea region. The most important one for  protecting the Baltic Sea is the Baltic Marine Environment Protection Commission (HELCOM), whose members consist of the Baltic Sea coastal states and the European Union. The European Union is also taking steps to protect the Baltic Sea. A clean Baltic Sea is among the aims of the EU Strategy for the Baltic Sea Region. Moreover, the European Union has adopted a number of directives whose implementation will promote the protection of waters and marine protection

The European Union has almost 70,000 kilometres of shoreline and has been developing an integrated maritime policy, for the management of maritime-related matters within the Union.

Extensive international cooperation and regulations are particularly necessary in the field of maritime transport. The key forum in this regard is the International Maritime Organization (IMO). Regionally agreed maritime safety and environmental protection arrangements need the prior approval of the IMO.

International agreements

  • Convention on the Protection of the Marine Environment of the Baltic Sea Area, Helsinki Convention, 1992 (Treaty Series 2/2000) and the preceding convention, Helsinki Convention (Treaty Series 1112/1980)

  • Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment of the North-East Atlantic, OSPAR Convention, 1992 (Treaty Series 51/1998)

  • Decree on the entry into force of the 1978 Protocol to the 1973 International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (Treaty Series 51/1983)

  • Agreement on the Conservation of Small Cetaceans of the Baltic and North Seas (related to the Bonn Convention), ASCOBANS (Decree 47/2008 and Treaty Series 14/2008)

  • International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling (Treaty Series 9-10/1983)

  • Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and Other Matter (IMO/LDC: London Convention, 1979 (Treaty Series 33-34/1979)

  • Agreement Between Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden concerning the Nordic Environmental Finance Corporation (NEFCO), 1998 (Treaty Series 100/1999)  

  • Protocol on Environmental Protection to the Antarctic Treaty, 1991 (Treaty Series5/1998)

  • • Measures outlined in and amendments to the protocol are listed under the Antarctic Treaty (Treaty Series 31/1984)

  • Convention for the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES) (Decree 150/1968)

Published 2013-07-30 at 13:02, updated 2013-07-12 at 15:51