An extensive response to oil and chemical spills in the Baltic Sea requires international cooperation based on shared, international operating instructions. Matters regarding cooperation on the Baltic Sea have been agreed upon within the framework of the Baltic Marine Environment Protection Commission (HELCOM) and the preventative cooperation agreement between the Nordic countries (Copenhagen Agreement). In addition to this, Finland has bilateral agreements on oil response with Russia and Estonia.
The European Maritime Safety Agency (EMSA) supplements the pollution response resources of the EU countries by equipping and renting out response vessels on the Baltic Sea.
Jouko Pirttijärvi, Image Bank of the Environmental Administration
Oil response agreement between Finland and Estonia, 1993 (Treaty Series 31/1995, in Finnish)
Oil response agreement between Finland and Russia, 1989 (Treaty Series 54/1990, in Finnish)
International Convention Relating to Intervention on the High Seas in Cases of Oil Pollution Casualties, 1969 (International Maritime Organization (IMO), Intervention Convention)
- Protocol to the Convention: Protocol relating to Intervention on the High Seas in Cases of Pollution by Substances other than Oil, 1973 (IMO, Intervention Protocol)
International Convention on Oil Pollution Preparedness, Response and Co-operation, 1990 (IMO, OPRC Convention)
- Protocol to the Convention: Protocol on Preparedness, Response and Co-operation to Pollution Incidents by Hazardous and Noxious Substances, 2000 (IMO, OPRC-HNS Protocol) (not yet in effect internationally)
Agreement between Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden concerning Cooperation in Taking Measures against Polllution of the Sea by Oil or other Harmful Substances, 1993 (Copenhagen Agreement, 1971, revised in 1993)