International cooperation – oil and chemical pollution

The response to extensive oil and chemical spills from ships always requires international cooperation. Cooperation in the Baltic Sea is based on the Convention on the Protection of the Marine Environment of the Baltic Sea Area, with joint actions agreed on at the meetings of the Baltic Marine Environment Protection Commission (HELCOM). Nordic cooperation is based on the Agreement concerning Cooperation in Taking Measures against Pollution of the Sea by Oil or other Harmful Substances (Copenhagen Agreement). The Nordic countries have also agreed on cooperation in oil pollution response in the Arctic marine areas with Canada, Russia and the United States. In addition, Finland has bilateral agreements on oil pollution response with Russia and Estonia.

The parties to the Convention on Oil Pollution Preparedness, Response and Co-operation (OPRC) concluded under the International Maritime Organization (IMO) have also adopted the Protocol on Preparedness, Response and Co-operation to Pollution Incidents by Hazardous and Noxious Substances (OPRC-HNS Protocol). The European Maritime Safety Agency (EMSA) adds to the pollution response resources of the EU countries by providing equipment for joint use and by renting response vessels.

Öljyntorjunta-alus, Halli
Jouko Pirttijärvi, Image Bank of the Environmental Administration

International agreements

  • HELCOM: Convention on the Protection of the Marine Environment of the Baltic Sea Area, 1992 [Treaty Series 2/2000, in Finnish (Finlex) and Swedish (pdf) including the convention text also in English]
  • Oil response agreement between Finland and Estonia, 1993 (Treaty Series 31/1995, in Finnish) (Finlex)
  • Oil response agreement between Finland and Russia, 1989 (Treaty Series 54/1990, in Finnish) (Finlex)
  • International Convention Relating to Intervention on the High Seas in Cases of Oil Pollution Casualties, 1969 (IMO/intervention), (Treaty Series 62-63/1976)
    • Protocol to the Convention: Protocol relating to Intervention on the High Seas in Cases of Pollution by Substances other than Oil, 1973 (IMO/1973) (Act: Treaty Series 72/1986 and Protocol: Treaty Series 74/1986)
  • International Convention on Oil Pollution Preparedness, Response and Co-operation, 1990 (IMO/OPRC), Finnish Treaty Series 32/1995, electronic in Finnish (Finlex)
    • Protocol to the Convention: Protocol on Preparedness, Response and Co-operation to Pollution Incidents by Hazardous and Noxious Substances (IMO/OPRC-HNS) [Act: Treaty Series 64/2015 in Finnish (Finlex) and Swedish (pdf) and Protocol: Treaty Series 65/2015, in Finnish (Finlex) and Swedish (pdf) with text of the protocol in English]
  • Agreement between Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden concerning Cooperation in Taking Measures against Pollution of the Sea by Oil or other Harmful Substances, 1993 (Copenhagen Agreement) (Treaty Series 71-72/1998, in Finnish and Swedish)
  • Agreement on Cooperation on Marine Oil Pollution Preparedness and Response in the Arctic (Treaty Series 15/2016, in Finnish and Swedish)
    • Annexes to the Arctic Agreement (Regulation of the Ministry of the Environment 2/2016, in Finnish and Swedish. Text of the original annexes in English)

Inquiries

Magnus Nyström, Senior Specialist, tel. +358 295 250 212, firstname.lastname@ym.fi

Published 2017-09-15 at 10:21, updated 2017-09-15 at 10:20