Legislation on soil protection

Finland does not have separate legislation on soil protection, and the relevant controls are included in several different statutes.

The most important legislation covering soil contamination and the rehabilitation of contaminated soils is contained in the Environmental Protection Act, which prohibits the contamination of soils and groundwater.

  • Environmental Protection Act (527/2014) (in Finnish, Finlex)
  • Environmental Protection Decree (713/2014) (in Finnish, Finlex)

Standards controlling the sustainable use and protection of soils are generally included in the legislation covering related activities such as construction, earth extraction, farming and forestry. Certain controls in Finnish legislation on nature conservation and landscape protection also concern soils.

Materials excavated during the rehabilitation of contaminated sites are classed as wastes, and covered by waste legislation.

Unofficial translations of other original Acts and Decrees are available in the Data Bank of Finnish Legislation:

  • Land Use and Building Act (132/1999) (Finlex)
  • Land Use and Building Decree (895/1999) (Finlex)
  • Nature Conservation Act (1096/1996) (Finlex)
  • Nature Conservation Decree (160/1997 (Finlex)

Further information and links related to soil protection legislation in Finnish on the Finnish webpage

Further information

Anna-Maija Pajukallio, Senior Environmental Adviser, Ministry of the Environment, firstname.lastname@ym.fi, tel. +358 295 250 218

Published 2014-07-31 at 9:08, updated 2016-06-09 at 13:12