Green Belt of Fennoscandia (GBF) is an ecological network situating in the territory of three countries: Finland, Russia and Norway. It extends from the Baltic Sea to the Arctic Ocean.
The core of the GBF is made up of a network of existing and planned protected areas including five twin parks. The protected area network with its surrounding areas ensure ecological connections crucial for habitats and migration and protection of species.
Biodiversity and healthy habitats are also greatly important to the region’s vitality: to its economy, culture and social well-being.
The cooperation between Finland, Russia and Norway is now based on a Memorandum of Understanding signed in 2010 on cooperation and development as concerns the Green Belt of Fennoscandia.
In the future the connectivity of protected areas will be developed in transboundary cooperation as the Green Belt provides one of the Europe’s most important ecological corridors for species adapting to climate change.
The Green Belt of Fennoscandia is the northern part of the European Green Belt.