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Adaptation to climate change

Mitigation of climate change cannot fully prevent global warming. Anticipating and adapting to climate change is therefore important.

Climate policy anticipates climate change at both national and local level. Anticipatory measures must be taken in all sectors of society. The earlier these are taken, the greater their cost-efficiency.

Challenges of climate change adaptation within the ministry's administrative sector

The Ministry of the Environment is responsible for climate change adaptation measures, particularly in the following sectors:

  • land use, construction and buildings
  • protection of biodiversity and
  • environmental protection

Unto Tapio, YHA Kuvapankki
Unto Tapio, Image Bank of the Environmental Administration

When it comes to land use, one of the key adaptation tasks is to control flood risks. Flood risk areas subject to change must be taken into account in land use plans and building activities. Increasingly frequent and intense rains are increasing the need to manage storm waters.

In the field of nature conservation, it will be necessary to adapt to the fact that species typical to Southern Finland will make way for new species spreading from the south, while species inhabiting Northern Finland will suffer. The tree line may rise and the tree-species composition of forests may change.

Environmental and water resources protection must take account of phenomena such as increased rains and floods, as these cause more nutrients and harmful substances to be leached into water bodies. Nutrients induce eutrophication in inland and coastal waters, a process which is accelerated by global warming.

Further information

Antti Irjala, Senior Environmental Adviser, tel. +358 295 250 102, firstname.lastname@ym.fi
Juha-Pekka Maijala, Senior Engineer, tel. +358 295 250 173, firstname.lastname@ym.fi

Published 2013-07-30 at 10:59, updated 2016-05-26 at 13:34