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The reform of the Climate Change Act

In line with the Government Programme, the steering power of the Climate Change Act will be reinforced. We will amend the Act in a way that will enable us to achieve our target of carbon neutrality by 2035. We will update our target for 2050 and add emissions reduction targets for 2030 and 2040 to the Act in line with our path to carbon neutrality. In order to achieve the objectives of the Climate Change Act, we will revise the medium-term and long-term climate plans and prepare a new climate programme for the land use sector. 


11/2019 First hearing of citizens' views

1/2020 Open event where the public can give their opinion on the Climate Act

1/2020 The working group will begin its work

2-3/19 The Ministerial Working Group on Climate and Energy Policy deal with guidelines of the Climate Act

summer 2020 Background reports to be ready

start of 2021 Government proposal on the reformed Climate Act is completed

The existing Climate Act

The Climate Change Act entered into force in 2015. It is a framework act, meaning that it only imposes obligations on the authorities. The Act sets an emissions reduction target for 2050 and lays down a climate policy planning system for Finland consisting of three different plans:

  • The medium-term plan until 2030 lists ways of reducing emissions in sectors not covered by the emissions trading scheme, such as transport, agriculture, waste management and the heating of buildings. The emissions trading scheme covers electricity and district heating, the metal processing industry, the pulp and paper industry, the chemical industry, air transport and the construction products industry. A new medium-term plan is drawn up for each government term.
  • The long-term plan (vision until 2050) examines all emissions, including emission reductions and targets for emissions trading. A new long-term plan is drawn up once every 10 years.
  • A new climate change adaptation plan is drawn up at least once every 10 years.

Under the current Act, the plans do not cover emissions and carbon sinks from the land use sector. 
According to the Climate Change Act, the Government must report annually to Parliament on the implementation of the plans in its Annual Climate Report. Climate policy plans must be prepared openly, and this includes listening to citizens and stakeholders.

The Act also contains provisions on the Climate Panel. The Panel is an independent scientific body whose task is to collect and disseminate information on climate change and adaptation to it for the use of the Government and the public, and to contribute to the preparation of the plans.


Elina Vaara, Senior Specialist, tel. +358 50 572 3942, elina.vaara@ym.fi

Karoliina Anttonen, Senior Officer for Legal Affairs, tel. +358 50 436 2795, karoliina.anttonen@ym.fi

Riikka Lamminmäki, Head of Communications, tel. +358 295 250 343, riikka.lamminmaki@ym.fi

Published 2019-11-11 at 10:08, updated 2020-05-12 at 18:29