Safeguarding biodiversity together

Network of protected areas in the Green Belt of Fennoscandia

  • supports habitat and species protection,
  • is an important source of populations for large areas also outside the Green Belt,
  • supports climate change mitigation and adaptation,
  • produces mental and physical health and well-being for people.
Oulangan kansallispuisto
© Photo: Kalervo Ojutkangas/Image bank of Environmental Administration

Warming and fragmenting habitats

Changes in the living conditions pose a significant threat for the biodiversity in the Green Belt.

Many natural habitats have become fragmented due to intensive land-use and unsustainable use of natural resources among all. This has a negative effect on the size of the populations.

At the same time climate change deteriorates nature’s own ability to function. Competition with new harmful alien species increases the pressures native species are posed to.

Cooperation across border

Nature knows no borders. Also biodiversity conservation requires cross-border conservation.

Safeguarding and developing the Green Belt of Fennoscandia is shared resposibility of three countries:

  • Finland
  • Norway
  • Russia

Memorandum of Understanding on the Green Belt was signed in 2010. The priorities for the cooperation have defined in the Strategy for the Green Belt, published in 2016. The main objective is to develop the connectivity of the protected areas.

Green Belt is developed in projects based on or aiming for biodiversity conservation or sustainable use of natural resources.

Besides projects, Green Belt is developed also by integrating its objectives into existing activities like land use planning or forestry.  In land use planning the values and connectivity of the Green Belt nature sites can be taken into account.

Development work is steered and followed by:

  • national working groups in each country 
  • trilateral steering committee of ministerial officials
  • trilateral working group of regional stakeholders

Six regions from Finland have joined

Local stakeholders are key actors in finding solutions for the future of the Green Belt.

In Finland Green Belt is developed by a large group of stakeholders such as:

Published 2016-09-01 at 14:38, updated 2017-03-27 at 18:25